Science is one of the major determinants of modern society. Understanding the nature, history and philosophical foundations of the scientific enterprise and the knowledge it produces is a crucial part of understanding the world we live in.

The two-year master’s programme History and Philosophy of Science (HPS) encompasses the history and philosophy of the natural sciences, humanities, social sciences, medicine, and mathematics.

The historical approach focuses on the development of scientific thought and practice in times past, including the relations between science and cultural, social or institutional features at particular times and places. The focus is mostly on the early modern and modern periods (17th-20th century). The philosophy of science studies questions concerning the nature of scientific knowledge and scientific methods. It also includes conceptual analysis of fundamental theories such as relativity theory, quantum mechanics, evolution and modern genetics.