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(disclaimer, this is an unauthorized translation of the original Dutch version,  in case of ambiguity of any kind, the Dutch version is considered to be the  correct version)


Possibilities for taking a resit test in case you missed an exam or taking an additional or substitute test please read the Rules and Regulations that apply to you. In case of demonstrable force majeure situations which prevent you from participating in the written exam you need to unsubscribe yourself prior to the test, using the following web form:

Cancel an exam

If this was not possible, the student is required to report it as soon as possible after the force majeure situation arose to the Student Information Desk Law, where you indicate why you didn't unsubscribe yourself before.

Notice: Is the form due to a technical fault online ? Please send an email to

Evidence of force majeure must be shown, the resit test is not intended to delay. A resit/substitute test can be provided for only one test per course. If the force majeure is more than incidental, you cannot cancel an exam at the Student Information Desk Law. Please contact the student advisor.


When partaking in a substitute exam, students no longer have the right to do a resit! Furthermore, it is not possible to do another resit/substitute exam due to a force majeure or any other reason. There is only one opportunity for a resit or substitute exam.

It is possible to include results accredited by a different institution in your Master’s programme at Utrecht University. However, the following conditions need to be met:

  • No partial exemptions are granted.
  • When making a request for an exemption , only courses with a course load of at least 6 EC are eligible.
  • When allowed to include a result of another university’s (Master’s) programmes, a student must pass another graduate Law course in order to meet the 60 EC-criterion (for 1-year programmes) or the 120 EC-criterion (for 2-year programmes).
  • In general, students cannot take courses at another institution that are also offered by our own faculty. Exception is made for courses passed prior to starting the Master’s programme at Utrecht University.
  • In order to graduate, students are allowed to include courses to a maximum of 30 EC outside of their Master’s programme (e.g. with a sister faculty or via the International Office).

Want to include a course? Fill in the following webform.

Form for Requesting an Exemption.

All official rules regarding exemptions can be found in the Rules and Regulations Master.

The Grade Point Average (GPA) plays an important part in the admission procedures for Master’s programmes, in obtaining PhD positions or grants, and in job applications. Also in the Netherlands, GPAs are sometimes requested during university admission procedures and job applications nowadays.

International Diploma Supplement

At Utrecht University, identical GPA calculations are applied in all programmes. GPA is built up gradually, and only the Final GPA will be recorded on the International Diploma Supplement.
The International Diploma Supplement will give information about the way the Final GPA is calculated at Utrecht University.


The Final GPA of a Bachelor’s degree programme is the ‘Grade Point Average’ of all exam results obtained after the first year of registration. Results obtained during the first year of registration are not included in the Final GPA so as to give first-year students at Utrecht University a chance to get used to academic tuition.
Consequently, all valid exam results obtained after receiving a Binding Study Advice (BSA) will be used in computing the Final GPA.

The Final GPA of a Master’s degree programme is the ‘Grade Point Average’ of all obligatory exam results within the Master’s programme.

Exam results are graded according to the Dutch grading system (grades 1 to 10). The average of a student’s grades, weighted in study points, determines the student’s GPA. This Dutch weighted average is expressed by its corresponding Grade Point (see table).

If you feel you have not been treated properly by someone employed by Utrecht University, or if you disagree with a decision that affects you personally, you can respond in a number of ways. You can submit a complaint, an objection or an appeal.

More information about the procedure on this page.

Further elaboration on what may be considered fraud or plagiarism.

Utrecht University processes a substantial volume of personal data. In accordance with the Wet Bescherming Persoonsgegevens (Personal Data Protection Act), the university is responsible for ensuring that personal data is processed properly. For more information you can visit the website of The Dutch Data Protection Authority

The University Council is the central representative body of Utrecht University. The Council serves the interests of students and staff.

More information is available: University Council.