Year 2 consists of:

In the fold-outs below you will find an overview of all the compulsory courses in year 2. Refer to the Course Planner for an overview of the compulsory courses that are part of the History programme. Are you planning to do an internship in your third year or would you like to study abroad for a while? In that case it is best to start planning in your second year. 

Did you start before 2019? Then check the History Education and Examination Regulations to see which courses you will have to take.

Make sure to register in time!

Some courses have limited space and have a shorter course registration period. So to be safe, it is best to register in time for your specialisation and the corresponding courses. 

Block 1, 2, 3 and 4: Specialisation

Specialisations are a selection of 4 courses in a particular research area. They are the core of your second-year programme and are all structured the same way: 1 introductory subject in block - 1 in-depth case-study module - 2 research seminars. The specialisation you choose relates to either the History track or the International Relations track. You develop the same types of skills, even though the subject matter differs between profiles. The subject of your final thesis (which you will write in year 3) will be related to your specialisation.

You can choose from 2 tracks, each containing a number of specialisations: 

  • Track History (specialisation package V1 to V4)
  • Track International Relations (specialisation package V5 to V7)

If you wish to add courses from another specialisation to your programme, you may do so as electives. 

Did you start before 2019-2020 and have not yet completed all your specialisation courses? Then check the Education and Examination Regulations to see which courses you still need to take.

Block 1 and 2: Writing course and research course 

In addition to your specialisation, in block 1 and 2 you will also follow a Writing course (block 1) and a Research course (block 2) within either the History track (specialisation package V1-V4) or International Relations track (specialisation package V5-V7). 

Block 3 and 4: Elective courses

In block 3 and 4 you take your first 15 EC in elective courses (of the 60 EC you will have to complete before the end of your programme). As electives (your optional course profile), you choose components with a total study load of 60 EC. You can start with a minor, do an internship, go abroad or choose from a broad range of available courses. Make sure to check each course's entry requirements.

Compulsory courses year 2 History Track

Are you interested in the wide variety of languages, cultures and religious traditions that have made Europe what it is today? In this specialisation you will look for the realisation of this diversity of religious, ethnic and political identities from an antique and medieval perspective. You study papyri, manuscripts, certificates, inscriptions, coins and archaeological objects and finish with an excursion to Antique and Medieval centers such as Aachen, Trier and Cologne.If you are interested in this specialisation, you also might want to take a look at the minor Archaeology

Next to this specialisation package, you also follow the Writing course (block 1) and Research course (block 2) within the History track.

Course overview

Revolutions have taken place throughout history. In this specialisation we study the birth of the modern state, compare brutal dictatorships, analyse the success and failure of revolutions from Napoleon through to the Arab Spring and dissect the roots of populism. As well as attending lectures, you will take part in an excursion to Revolution-era Paris, attend workshops on political negotiation at the seat of the Dutch parliament and meet former students working in the field of political history.

Next to this specialisation package, you also follow the Writing course (block 1) and Research course (block 2) within the History track.

Course overview

Cultures and mentalities set minds in motion and create connections, but also lead to confrontations, division and exclusion. Cultural history studies the ideas and identities that have shaped our past. How did people give meaning to their lives? How did they communicate with each other, hold celebrations and deal with historical changes? In this specialisation you will explore how this cultural past can be studied, appreciated and presented to society as a whole.

Next to this specialisation package, you also follow the Writing course (block 1) and Research course (block 2) within the History track.

Course overview

Why do some societies flourish while others collapse? What role do multinationals, like the Dutch East India Company and Shell, play in society? How can we study the consequences of catastrophes such as natural disasters and wars? In this specialisation you will study the root causes of inequality and learn to use history to analyse and solve contemporary problems. By means of field-trips, debates, interviews, and research you will acquire a wide set of skills. 

Next to this specialisation package, you also follow the Writing course (block 1) and Research course (block 2) within the History track.

Course overview

Compulsory courses year 2 International Relations track

What is Europe, and what could Europe be? This specialisation focuses on the history of modern Europe since the start of the twentieth century. You will examine how modern Europe came into being: from the two world wars to European integration, via NATO and the Warsaw Pact. You will learn what preceded today’s Europe and will approach these issues from international, political and conceptual perspectives. 

Next to this specialisation package, you also follow the Writing course (block 1) and Research course (block 2) within the International Relations track. 

Course overview

The globalisation of the past five hundred years has brought about fundamental shifts in worldwide economic relationships. This specialisation looks at questions such as: What is globalisation? What role do human rights play in globalisation? How is globalisation managed and what conflicts underlie it? And what form has the international order taken since decolonisation? You will conduct a detailed investigation into international relations, imperialism and the global dimensions of cultural and political changes. 

Next to this specialisation package, you also follow the Writing course (block 1) and Research course (block 2) within the International Relations track. 

Course overview

Wars and attacks, terrorism and state repression: we read about these topics in the newspapers every day. Nowadays conflict and violence are both far away and close at hand, affecting the whole of the modern world. National security is high on the political agenda. In this specialisation you will investigate the phenomenon of political violence, the background to modern-day international conflicts and the relationship between these conflicts and the development of attitudes to security.

Next to this specialisation package, you also follow the Writing course (block 1) and Research course (block 2) within the International Relations track. 

Course overview

General information

How to enroll in a specialisation?

As a first year student, you register for the first two courses of the specialisation of your choice during the registration period for block 1 and 2.

During the regular course enrolment period, you register yourself for the courses in the specialisation that you wish to do. If your specialisation contains courses with priority rules, you can only register for these and the other courses in the first 2 weeks of the registration period.

Registering your specialisation

Before the course enrolment period in June, the Student Information Desk Humanities will send you an email asking you which specialisation you wish to choose.

More information

Specialisation requirements

  • You must complete one specialisation in its entirety within your Major. It is not possible to replace a course from one specialisation with another course from a different specialisation.
  • If you wish to take courses from another specialisation, you may do so in the electives part of your programme. These courses are taken individually, i.e. you do not need to take the entire profile. 
  • Some courses are offered once every 2 years. If you have attended a course in your second year as part of your specialisation, you can also follow the alternating course in your third year. You can then include these as an elective.

How to register for a minor

You register for a minor and the individual modules online via OSIRIS during the Faculty of Humanities course registration period. You must register for both the minor itself and each course module individually. Per minor you can find where to go for more information, what the entry requirements are and how to register.

Courses with selected entry

If you wish to register for a course with selected entry (selection committee), you must register for the minor and the individual course modules during the first week of the course registration period. An overview of courses with selected entry will be available on the website one week prior to the course registration period.

Registration study results

Once you have completed the course modules, provided that you were enrolled for both the minor itself and each course module individually in OSIRIS, the minor and study results will be listed on your Study Progress Review.

Deviation standard programme

If you wish to deviate from the standard minor programme, you must request approval from the Board of Examiners of the Bachelor's programme that offers the minor.